9 compelling Internet of Things (IOT) applications
This article introduces 9 noticeable IoT technology applications.
As various sensors are placed in billions of connected devices around the world, new IoT applications are generating massive data streams, which brings unlimited opportunities. For example, the rise of smart watches enables people to track their health, monitor their sleep patterns, measure their heart rate, etc. The self-driving cars that the giants are working on can collect, process and store driving data at the edge to make road travel safer and easier.
This article introduces 9 noticeable IoT technology applications.
1. Autonomous driving and connected vehicles
Today, automakers and autonomous driving startups are working hard to get level 2, 3 and 4 driving autonomy. Through cameras, radar, LIDAR and many other on-board sensors, the vehicle continuously captures information about road conditions while driving, and then adjusts driving behavior to prevent accidents. Currently these data can reach up to 1 TB. In the next ten years, this number may swell to more than 2 TB, eventually achieving level 5 autonomy.
However, the car of the future is not just about autonomous driving. With the help of the Internet of Things, cars can use V2X (vehicle-to-everything) technology to communicate with each other, with road infrastructure, and even one day with pedestrians. This communication makes the management of unmanned vehicles faster and easier, thereby making travel faster and safer. In the car, IoT-enabled devices can improve engine condition diagnosis, GPS data and infotainment systems.
2. Smart Security System
Traditional security systems usually only use low-resolution cameras to passively capture video. Now, manufacturers are building smart security systems to capture, store and analyze continuous video streams. Based on the 4K video captured by a high-resolution camera, these intelligent systems can use an analysis layer with machine learning software for pattern recognition and motion detection. For public places and public transportation, these real-time insights are of great significance to public safety-of course, thanks to the powerful storage and computing capabilities of the equipment.
3. Home Internet of Things (Smart Home)
Automating most of the household items in the house is the development direction of the home Internet of Things. The smart speaker is like a center that enables you to activate your smart home furnishing functions by voice, for example, instructing your TV to play your favorite programs, while dimming the lights in the living room and setting the thermostat to a comfortable temperature. This method can be further expanded by integrating refrigerators, washing machines, clothes dryers, etc. The goal is to control all or most of the home systems, including energy, temperature and humidity, entertainment, home appliances, and home security through interconnected devices, tools, platforms, and sensors.
4. Smart watches, bracelets and other wearable devices
Due to the influx of a large number of new personal devices, the wearable device market is booming. A recent report predicts that by 2022, the industry’s annual sales will exceed 27 billion U.S. dollars and sales will reach 233 million units. The global popularity is largely attributed to smart watches, which are expected to account for more than half of global wearable device sales. In the next few years. Consumers are looking for seamless connection and interaction between smart phones and smart watches to track, manage and protect their data, especially sensitive health data.
In addition, new technological innovations continue to emerge. Smart earphones or smart hearing aids called "hearables" may become a new growth point for wearable devices. Hearables devices are designed for multiple purposes, including wireless transmission, wireless communication, medical monitoring, fitness tracking, and more.
5. Machine-to-machine (M2M) connected equipment
Today's factories are using IoT-enabled machines to work smarter. By equipping the machine with sensors, the plant manager can map the machine's workload, input and output more accurately. They can also track the wear and tear of the machine more closely, so that maintenance can be carried out predictively instead of passively, which can extend the service life. With these functions, factories are becoming more and more automated due to the rise of Industry 4.0. M2M devices use embedded and removable flash memory solutions to aggregate data into a single stream at the edge. The gateway is used to monitor and react to changing conditions on the factory floor. At the same time, unused data will be passed to the central cloud or data center for further processing.
6. The supply chain of the future
Another IoT application is in an increasingly global and complex supply chain. Companies are creating connected enterprise systems and using data modeling as a key part of a broader data management strategy. Low-power IoT devices are also used to track assets in the entire supply chain and monitor product quality, such as temperature, bumps, whether it has been opened, and so on. By using IoT-enabled devices and transportation routes, route planning can be further improved by collecting supply chain data during transportation.
For photographers, drones have helped document stunning scenery that visual artists could not obtain before. However, these flying devices are not only used for this purpose. Oil rig workers are using drones to complete rig inspections faster without sacrificing worker safety or production downtime. E-commerce companies are studying unmanned delivery of buyers' goods to their doorsteps. Even non-profit organizations use drones to monitor deforestation in environmentally vulnerable communities.
In addition to commercial use, drones are also used for search and rescue missions. These machines are helping search and rescue teams find victims faster, assess their condition and point the right path for rescue missions. In dangerous mountain rescues, successful drone operations require high-performance and large-capacity data storage.
8. Smart City
One of the most promising applications of the Internet of Things is to create smart and efficient cities. Public energy supply can be optimized, energy surges can be predicted and distributed more equitably to residents; the optimized traffic system in dense urban environments can use IoT to synchronize traffic lights to adapt to traffic conditions in real time. In an emergency, first responders can communicate with traffic lights to synchronize and provide direct access to key locations. Another possibility is to digitally track parking spaces so that available space can be automatically sent as push notifications to drivers looking for parking spaces.
9. Smart Agriculture
Today's farmers are using the power of the Internet of Things to simplify their operations. With the widespread adoption of free-range livestock, networking technology can track animals grazing in open pastures. Smart sensors placed in the irrigation system can reduce water consumption, thereby generating the right moisture content in the soil for a given crop. It is even used to monitor factors such as humidity and temperature in the compost. In addition, farmers can keep tags on the device, determine the location of each item, track its performance and perform predictive maintenance. Outside of traditional farms, wine producers are using the Internet of Things to understand the health of grapes and the sugar content in grapes.